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Luminescence Quenching

Quantum yield and lifetime measurement


Applications of quenching

Fluorescence spectra can be measured both to determine quantum yield and observed lifetime. By measuring both of these quantities at the same time we can determine the fundamental fluorescence rate constant, kf, and the non-radiative decay time, knr. Note that a single measurement does not provide sufficient constraints to determine the intrinsic rate constants and we must measure both quantum yield and lifetime.

In this lab we will study the quenching of the tracer dye uranine by iodide. Uranine is a fluorescein derivative that is water soluble. Because of its strong fluorescence in the visible region it can easily be observed in circulation and pipes. It is used to determine the location of leaks. Uranine is regarded as non-toxic.

The laboratory protocol can be downloaded below:

Laboratory Protocol

The kinetics will be measured using time-correlated single photon counting (TCSPC). The method and other background information is described in the presentations below:

Lecture notes on luminescence

Lecture notes on fluorescence quenching

Background on fluorescence quenching

Background on borate buffers

Background on lasers

Lecture on TCSPC

Practical usage of TCSPC in the lab

Deconvolution explained

Pre-laboratory questions and numerical problems:

Pre-laboratory questions for fluorescence quenching

Numerical problems on fluorescence quenching

Virtual course:

Virtual course on fluorescence quenching


Lunmiscence Quenching Laboratory Reference